As one of the largest carnivorous bats in the world, the Spectral Bat can often be studied for its unique insight into bat anatomy, itself already a niche corner of taxonomy and animal studies.
In summary, this species is best recognised by its size, hunting features and colour. The fur is typically short with a red or brown hue, growing lighter underneath the body or torso. As a typical bat, there is no concentration of fur on the wings.
It is currently found between South and Central America, specifically Ecudor, Peru and southern regions of Mexico. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) designates the species as "near risk".
One of the most important aspects of the spectral Bat is that, despite it's latin name Vampyrum Spectrum, this creature is not a Vampire Bat. It is related, naturally, but it is the largest carnivorous bat in the new world and does not drink blood. This initial mistake is almost certainly down to the large fangs the species features and, for this reason, it is often reffered to as the False Vampire Bat.
Similarly, while most bats feature 6 incisors (4 upper and 2 lower variants), Vampyrum Spectrum is well known for having 8, with 4 in each jaw. As can be seen in its other aspects, this belies the carnivorous nature of the species, yet helps define it away from true vampire bats.
The wing span of the spectral bat goes some way to belaying the size of the specimin. A typical wing span is anywhere between 70 to 95 centimeters (cm), with some reports of rare examples exceeding 1 meter (m). Outside of the sheersize, there is little else unique about the anatomoy of the wings.
That being said, this species does not have a tail. Many bats have some form of tail, even if unpronounced, with some having additional 'webbing' of sorts for additional manouverability. With no tail at all, Vampyrun Spectrum relies solely on its large wings to travel.
Bats are well known for their nocturnal life style and the sensory adaptations in their anatomy go a great way to defining any given specimen's eating habits. The Spectral Bat, specifically, hunts insects, rodents and birds (thanks to its larger size) and this can be seen in its sensory features.
The ears, for example, are large, round and often grow to a length of 4 cm. Their forward facing positioning, like many bats, represents an adapataion to echoloation and its hunting prefereces.
This argument is similarly supported by the large nose, which sticks out above the head and is around 17 cm in size. Both these features represent a true hunting species, as all of its sensory anatomy face forward, with little evolutionary need to broaden its scope. The nose, specifically, also suggests this bat relies more on smell, rather than echolation, preffering a more steathy, discreet approach.
In closing, we already know much about this species and its anatomy, but there is still more to be discovered. This species is still being studied, as it represents an important method to learn about carnivorous bats. Specifically, thanks to its large size, it can be argued the Spectral Bat highlights an evolotionary corner where these feeding habits have been allowed to thrive.